roll

roll1 W3S1 [rəul US roul] v
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(round object)¦
2¦(person/animal)¦
3¦(shape of tube/ball)¦
4¦(make something flat)¦
5¦(clothes)¦
6¦(something with wheels)¦
7¦(drop of liquid)¦
8¦(waves/clouds)¦
9¦(game)¦
10¦(sound)¦
11¦(machine/camera)¦
12¦(ship/plane)¦
13¦(cigarette)¦
14¦(shoulders)¦
15¦(eyes)¦
16¦(attack)¦
17 (all) rolled into one
18 get (something) rolling
19 be rolling in money/dough/cash/it
20 be rolling in the aisles
21 be ready to roll
22 let's roll
23 roll with the punches
24 roll on something
25 roll your r's
26 a rolling stone gathers no moss
Phrasal verbs
 roll around
 roll something<=>back
 roll something<=>down
 roll in
 roll out
 roll (somebody) over
 roll up
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[Date: 1300-1400; : Old French; Origin: roller, from Vulgar Latin rotulare, from Latin rotula; ROLL2]
1.) ¦(ROUND OBJECT)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition, T]
if something rolls, especially something round, or if you roll it, it moves along a surface by turning over and over
roll down/into/through etc
The ball rolled into the street.
One of the eggs rolled off the counter.
roll sth along/in/onto etc sth
Roll the chicken breasts in flour.
2.) ¦(PERSON/ANIMAL)¦ also roll over [I,T always + adverb/preposition]
to turn your body over one or more times while lying down, or to turn someone else's body over
roll down/onto/off etc
The children rolled down the hill, laughing.
Ralph rolled onto his stomach.
roll sb onto/off sth
I tried to roll him onto his side.
3.) ¦(SHAPE OF TUBE/BALL)¦ also roll up [T]
to make something into the shape of a tube or ball
roll sth into a ball/tube
Roll the dough into small balls.
Would you like the paper rolled or folded?
4.) ¦(MAKE SOMETHING FLAT)¦ [T]
to make something flat by rolling something heavy over it
Pizza dough should be rolled thinly.
5.) ¦(CLOTHES)¦ [T]
also roll up
to fold the sleeves or legs of something that you are wearing upwards, so that they are shorter
His sleeves were rolled above his elbows.
6.) ¦(SOMETHING WITH WHEELS)¦ [I,T always + adverb/preposition]
to move on wheels, or make something that has wheels move
roll into/forwards/past etc
Her car was slowly rolling away from the curb.
roll sth to/around etc sth
The waitress rolled the dessert trolley over to our table.
7.) ¦(DROP OF LIQUID)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to move over a surface smoothly without stopping
roll down/onto etc
Tears rolled down her cheeks.
8.) ¦(WAVES/CLOUDS)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to move continuously in a particular direction
roll into/towards etc
Mist rolled in from the sea.
We watched the waves rolling onto the beach.
9.) ¦(GAME)¦ [I and T]
if you roll ↑dice, you throw them as part of a game
10.)¦(SOUND)¦
if drums or ↑thunder roll, they make a long low series of sounds
Thunder rolled in the distance.
11.) ¦(MACHINE/CAMERA)¦ [I]
if a machine such as a film camera or a ↑printing press rolls, it operates
There was silence as the cameras started to roll.
12.) ¦(SHIP/PLANE)¦ [I]
if a ship or plane rolls, it leans one way and then another with the movement of the water or air
13.) ¦(CIGARETTE)¦ [T]
to make your own cigarette, using tobacco or ↑marijuana and special paper
→↑roll-up
Ben rolled a joint (=a cigarette containing marijuana) and lit it.
It's cheaper to roll your own (=make your own cigarettes) .
14.) ¦(SHOULDERS)¦ [T]
to move your shoulders forward, up, and back down
He rolled his shoulders back.
15.) ¦(EYES)¦ [T]
to move your eyes around and up, especially in order to show that you are annoyed or think something is silly
Lucy rolled her eyes as Tom sat down beside her.
16.) ¦(ATTACK)¦ [T]
[i]AmE informal to rob someone, especially when they are drunk and asleep
Kids on the streets rolled drunks for small change.
17.) (all) rolled into one
if someone or something is several different things rolled into one, they include or do the work of all those things
Mum was cook, chauffeur, nurse, and entertainer all rolled into one.
18.) get (sth) rolling
to start happening or make something start happening in a smooth and successful way
The business didn't really get rolling until 1975.
Have a good breakfast to get your day rolling.
19.) be rolling in money/dough/cash/it
to have or earn a lot of money
'He's rolling in it,' said the girl, pointing at Lewis.
20.) be rolling in the aisles
if people in a theatre, cinema etc are rolling in the aisles, they are laughing a lot
21.) be ready to roll
spoken to be ready to start doing something
The car was packed and we were ready to roll.
22.) let's roll
spoken used to suggest to a group of people that you all begin doing something or go somewhere
23.) roll with the punches
to deal with problems or difficulties by doing whatever you need to do, rather than by trying only one method
Strong industries were able to roll with the punches during the recession.
24.) roll on sth
BrE spoken used to say that you wish a time or event would come quickly
Roll on the weekend!
25.) roll your r's
to pronounce the sound /r/ using your tongue in a way that makes the sound very long
26.) a rolling stone gathers no moss
used to say that someone who often changes jobs, moves to different places etc is not able to have any permanent relationships or duties
set/start/keep the ball rolling atball1 (5)
heads will roll athead1 (36)
let the good times roll atlet1 (20)
roll around phr v
if a time, event etc that happens regularly rolls around, it arrives or takes place again
By the time Wednesday rolled around , I still hadn't finished.
roll back [roll sth<=>back] phr v
1.) to reduce the influence or power of a law, system, government etc
a threat to roll back the legislation of the past 12 years
2.) especially AmE to reduce a price, cost etc
the administration's promise to roll back taxes
→↑rollback
3.) to force your opponents in a war to move back from their position
4.) roll back the years
BrE to make someone remember something from the past
Looking at those old photos really rolled back the years.
roll down [roll sth<=>down] phr v
1.) roll a window down
to open a car window
2.) to unfold the ends of your sleeves or trouser legs so that they are their usual length
He rolled down his sleeves and buttoned the cuffs.
roll in phr v
1.) to happen or arrive in large numbers or quantities
As the result of our appeal, the money came rolling in.
2.) to arrive, especially later than usual or expected
Chris finally rolled in at about 4:00 am.
3.) if mist, clouds etc roll in, they begin to cover an area of the sky or land
Fog rolled in from the sea.
roll out phr v
1.) roll sth<=> out
to make food that you are preparing flat and thin by pushing a ↑rolling pin over it
Roll out the dough on a floured surface.
2.) roll sth<=>out
to make a new product available for people to buy or use
= ↑launch
The company expects to roll out the new software in September.
→↑roll-out
3.) to leave a place, especially later than expected
roll out of
We used to hear people rolling out of the pubs at closing time.
He finally rolled out of bed at noon.
4.) roll sth<=> out
to put something flat on the ground or a surface, when it was previously rolled into a tube shape
We rolled out our sleeping bags under the stars.
5.) roll out the red carpet
to make special preparations for an important visitor
roll () over [roll (sb) over] phr v
to turn your body over once so that you are lying in a different position, or to turn someone's body over
Ben rolled over and kissed her.
roll (somebody) over onto
The guards rolled him over onto his front.
roll up phr v
1.) to make something into the shape of a tube or ball, or to become this shape
roll sth<=>up
Painters arrived and rolled up the carpet.
roll up into
Many animals roll up into a ball for warmth.
2.) roll your sleeves/trousers etc up
to turn the ends of your sleeves or trouser legs over several times so that they are shorter
3.) roll your sleeves up
to start doing a job even though it is difficult or you do not want to do it
It's time to roll up our sleeves and get some work done on the basics.
4.) roll a window up
to close the window of a car
5.) to arrive somewhere, especially late or when you were not expected
Max rolled up just after 9 o'clock.
6.) roll up!
BrE spoken used to call people to come and watch or buy things at a ↑circus or ↑fair
roll 2
roll2 n
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1¦(paper/film/money etc)¦
2¦(bread)¦
3¦(list of names)¦
4 be on a roll
5¦(game)¦
6¦(skin/fat)¦
7¦(physical movement)¦
8¦(drums/guns/thunder)¦
9¦(ship/plane)¦
10 a roll in the hay
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[Sense: 1-3, 6; Date: 1100-1200; : Old French; Origin: rolle 'rolled-up document', from Latin rotula, from rota; ROTATE]
[Sense: 4-5, 7-10; Date: 1600-1700; Origin: ROLL1]
1.) ¦(PAPER/FILM/MONEY ETC)¦
a piece of paper, camera film, money etc that has been rolled into the shape of a tube
roll of
I used up three rolls of film on holiday.
There's a new roll of silver foil in there.
wallpaper costing £3 a roll
2.) ¦(BREAD)¦
a small round ↑loaf of bread for one person
→↑bun
hot soup served with crusty rolls
bread rolls with butter
ham/cheese etc roll
BrE (=one that is filled with ham, cheese etc)
3.) ¦(LIST OF NAMES)¦
an official list of names
= ↑register on the roll BrE
a school with 300 pupils on the roll
call/take the roll
(=say the list of names to check who is there)
The teacher called the roll.
Three senators missed the roll call.
the electoral roll
BrE ; the (voter) rolls
AmE (=a list of the people who are allowed to vote)
welfare rolls
AmE (=a list of people without jobs who claim money from the state)
Thompson said he had cut welfare rolls by 39%.
4.) be on a roll informal
to be having a lot of success with what you are trying to do
Midvale High was on a roll, having won their last six basketball games.
5.) ¦(GAME)¦
the action of throwing ↑dice as part of a game
If you get a 7 or 11 on your first roll, you win.
6.) ¦(SKIN/FAT)¦
a thick layer of skin or fat, usually just below your waist
roll of
the rolls of fat on her stomach
7.) ¦(PHYSICAL MOVEMENT)¦
a) BrE a movement in which you roll forward or back in a controlled way with your body curled so that your head is near your feet, often done as part of a sport
a forward roll
gymnasts doing rolls and handsprings
b) especially BrE the action of turning your body over one or more times while lying down
a young horse having a roll in the field
8.) ¦(DRUMS/GUNS/THUNDER)¦
a long low fairly loud sound made by drums etc
There was a roll of thunder , and the rain started pelting down.
a drum roll
9.) ¦(SHIP/PLANE)¦
the movement of a ship or plane when it leans from side to side with the movement of the water or air
10.) a roll in the hay
old-fashioned informal when you have sex with someone - used humorously

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

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